On 15 November 2007, cyclone Sidr struck the southwest coast of Bangladesh and moved inland breaching coastal and river embankments, flooding low-lying areas and causing extensive damage to lives and properties. The Emergency 2007 Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project (ECRRP) supports a medium to long-term recovery program developed under the Joint Damage, Loss and Needs Assessment (JDLNA) that was undertaken after the occurrence of Cyclone Sidr on 15 November 2007. The project development objective (PDO) is to support Government of Bangladesh (GoB) efforts to facilitate recovery from the damage to livelihoods and infrastructure caused by cyclone Sidr and to build long-term preparedness through strengthened disaster risk management. Most importantly, ECRRP has supported the preparation and implementation of the first phase of a fifteen-year program for long-term disaster risk reduction. ECRRP is designed such that its PDO will be achieved through the implementation of six project components, as follows:
Recovery of Agriculture Sector and Improvement Program. Has four subcomponents – A.1: Support to the crops sub-sector; A.2: Support to the fisheries sub-sector; A.3: Support to the livestock sub-sector; and A.4: Support to community mobilization and facilitation and component management. The primary implementing agency for this component is Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), and the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock (MoFL).
Reconstruction and Improvement of Multipurpose Shelters Includes four subcomponents – B.1: Construction of new shelters; B.2: Improvement of existing shelters; B.3: Improvement of communication network to shelters; and B.4: Design and construction supervision of shelters. The Ministry of Local Governments, Cooperatives and Rural Development (MLGCRD), through the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED), is implementing this
Rehabilitation of Coastal Embankments Has two subcomponents – C.1: Rehabilitation of coastal embankments; and C.2: Design and construction supervision of coastal embankments. The implementing agency for this component is the Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR) through the Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB).
Long-Term Disaster Risk Management Program Includes three subcomponents – D.1: Disaster risk mitigation and reduction; D.2: Preparation of future projects for River Bank Improvement, and Coastal Embankment Improvement
Programs; and D.3: Preparation of future projects for disaster shelters and up-gradation of rural road network. The Ministry of Food and Disaster Management (MoFDM), through the Disaster Management Bureau (DMB), is implementing sub-component D.1. Sub-component D.2 is being implemented by BWDB while sub-component D.3 by LGED.
Monitoring and Evaluation of Project Impact The Ministry of Planning (MoP), through the Project Coordination and Monitoring Unit (PCMU), is implementing this component.p